There are different types of braces. The most common are Metal or Ceramic braces attached to the front surface of the teeth. “Lingual” braces attach to the back of teeth. They are hidden from view.
- Metal Braces / Traditional Braces
- Ceramic Braces
- Invisible Braces – Lingual Braces (behind-the-teeth)
- Self Ligating Braces
- Clear Aligners / Invisalign / Clearpath
Stainless (Metal) Braces are the most popular type of braces due to its rugged functionality and manageable cost. These are suitable braces for kids, teens and adults alike. Most kids and teen patients request COLORED ties. At each appointment you may have your colors changed. You can look forward to making a fashion statement after each visit. The patients allergic to this kind of material are in good times of many other options available today. The metal braces used at BDC are of the highest quality. We use a technique called straight arch-wire technique which is scientifically proven and has a sound research back up with long term success rates.
Pros and cons of metallic braces system
Pros: Advantages of Metal Brackets
- They are cheaper and stronger than other type of braces.
- They take lesser amount of time than the cosmetic braces.
- Can be adapted for any type of corrections
- Darker ligatures used along with the metallic braces don’t stain easily and there is no staining in self-ligature brackets as they don’t have ligatures.
- Treatment is of lesser duration and causes lesser pain in Self ligating Brackets.
Cons: Disadvantages of Metal Brackets
- They are not as esthetic as cosmetic braces as they are visible.
- Initially they are less comfortable.
- They irritate the gums more than the ceramic brackets in case of canker sores.
Ceramic Braces /Less Visible /Tooth Coloured Braces
Ceramic brackets are made of a high tech glass-like composite material developed as a spinoff material by the NASA space program. These types of braces generally don’t stain and have high strength. Many celebrities wear these kinds of braces. These braces are chosen by the adults as they “blend in” with the teeth. They are less noticeable than metal braces and don’t make a person’s smile look metallic. In case of ceramic braces, a clear or tooth colored tie is used. Most family and friends will not even notice your braces. Ceramic braces are guaranteed not to stain by the manufacturer, barring some foods, coffee, coke, curry, smoking etc and are expensive. These types of braces are mostly used by adults or teens.
Pros and cons of ceramic braces
- They are more esthetic and less noticeable as compared to metallic braces.
- They are more comfortable as compared to metallic braces as require less rigorous maintenance.
- They are strong and don’t come off from teeth if bonded with plasma light.
- The ligatures which are clear when stained look bad. Though they are changed after every month.
- The duration of treatment might increase in case of ceramic braces system.
- They are more expensive than traditional metal braces.
- They are a quite a bit larger than the metal brackets.
- In case of severe malocclusion, these brackets can’t be used. They may not be strong enough to withstand the forces of some type of treatments.
Lingual Braces Invisible Braces – Lingual Braces
Braces have conventionally been fitted to the front of the teeth, making them visible during the entire course of the treatment. Since this may be awkward and not suitable for some, the braces that can be fitted to the inside of the tooth – called the lingual surface, were developed.
Lingual braces are placed behind your teeth. These are also called invisible braces, as they are virtually invisible to other people. Usually, lingual brackets are made of metal. The Orthodontist is specially trained in this kind of appliances.
Some of the points taken note of are that the adaptation period is 3-7 days; patient may hurt or feel irritation of tongue; chewing adjustments/difficulty towards hard food; mild speech disorder with brackets in the upper arch. As compared to the traditional braces, they are comparatively costlier. The main advantage of lingual braces is that no one knows that a person is putting the braces.
Pros and cons of lingual braces:
- The braces can’t be seen unless someone looks inside your mouth.
- In case of crowded teeth and deep overbite, they are very effective.
- Suitable for all age groups
- No risk of decalcification on the front tooth surface
- They are more expensive than the traditional braces system. Treatment is specialized in case of lingual braces.
- There is difficulty in speech initially and the tongue may be sore for 2-3 weeks.
- The duration of treatment is more than the traditional braces.
- They can’t be used in short front lower teeth.
- They can’t be used in severe problems.
- Only specially trained orthodontist in lingual braces can do lingual treatment.
Self Ligating Braces
Orthodontists move teeth through the use of specialized metal or ceramic braces, which permits the application of steady pressure over time to move teeth into their ideal positions. With traditional braces, there are three main components that are used to make this possible. The brace (brackets) itself, which is placed on the tooth, the arch wire, which runs through each brace and applies corrective pressure to the teeth, and a “tie” (typically made from elastic material) which connects the archwire to the brace to transfer the force from the wire to the tooth through the bracket. These ties are usually visible like a rubber-band around bracket. They sometimes accumulate food and are difficult to clean. Sometimes they snap, or move, which is why frequent check-ups are necessary.
However, the new, Self-Ligating braces eliminate the need for elastic or metal ties, and instead use a permanently installed “click-lock” like mechanism to hold on to the wire.
Self-Ligating braces offer a number of benefits compared to traditional braces.
- Treatment is faster
- They are easier to clean than brackets with elastics
- The number of visits to the dentist is considerably reduced.. you may need to see the dentist only once in 3 months.
- Self ligating braces are also made of ceramic/ tooth coloured materials for lesser visibility
If you have any of the following, you may be a candidate for orthodontic treatment:
- Overbite, sometimes called “buck teeth” — where the upper front teeth lie too far forward (stick out) over the lower teeth.
- Underbite — a “bulldog” appearance where the lower teeth are too far forward or the upper teeth too far back.
- Crossbite — when the upper teeth do not come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when biting together normally.
- Open bite — space between the biting surfaces of the front and/or side teeth when the back teeth bite together.
- Misplaced midline — when the center of your upper front teeth does not line up with the center of your lower front teeth.
- Spacing — gaps, or spaces, between the teeth as a result of missing teeth or teeth that do not “fill up” the mouth.
- Crowding — when there are too many teeth for the dental ridge to accommodate.
Only your dentist or orthodontist can determine whether you can benefit from treatment. Based on diagnostic tools that include a full medical and dental health history, a clinical examination, plaster models of your teeth, and special X-rays and photographs, an orthodontist or dentist can decide whether orthodontics are recommended, and develop a treatment plan that’s right for you.
Normally the orthodontic treatment is begun between the ages 10 and 14. This is when a child’s head and mouth are still growing and teeth are easier to straighten, treatment duration will be 8 months to 16 months based upon the severity of the condition. Certain jaw growth problems can be handled simply in mixed dentition period, before the permanent teeth erupt – hence the treatment can begin at the age of 6 yrs.
In some children with mouth breathing habits, thumb sucking – the habits can be broken with orthodontic appliances.
But it can be done at any age – better late than never.
The average course of treatment is between 12 and 24 months. Depending on cases the time may reduce or extended.
When bands or appliances are first placed or adjusted, there may be some discomfort.
- In most cases you will be referred to a specialist orthodontist.
- Each case is different, so special x-rays are taken to assess the relationship of the jaws and teeth to each other, the amount of overcrowding and the movement needed to obtain an acceptable functional and awsthetic result.
- Once an assessment is made, the type of treatment can be decided.
- This can include extractions to make space, removable appliances or fixed appliances.
- Treatment can often take 8 months or more.
- Adults can benefit from orthodontic treatment as well as children.
- It is often associated with other forms of treatment to get the best result.
Having straight teeth is important. Teeth that are crooked or out of place (misaligned) affect the way a person chews and talks and how their smile looks. Because they have unnatural spaces, crooked teeth are harder to clean and are more likely to have cavities. In some cases, crooked teeth can affect the way the jaws line up and can cause pain and discomfort.
One method to correct this is to have Orthodontic treatment (or braces and retainers as they are sometimes called). Orthodontic treatment works by exerting a gentle pressure over time to straighten teeth that are growing, or have already grown, out of place.
Braces have three basic parts:
- Brackets – brackets that are attached to each tooth
- Bonding or band – the material that attaches the bracket to the tooth
- Arch Wire – a thin metal wire that runs from bracket to bracket
Braces have come a long way from the “train track” look of yesteryear . Today, many orthodontic patients can get braces that attach to the back of the teeth, or use transparent brackets.
A retainer is a custom-made, removable appliance that helps keep teeth in their new, straightened position after braces have been removed. Retainers can also be used to treat more minor orthodontic problems.
- Teeth that are overlapping and “crowded” are be harder to clean, putting you at risk for cavities and gum disease.
- Many times the overlapping teeth cause decay in the adjacent tooth too.
- Teeth that are protruding are often prone to injuries.
- Spacing in between teeth leads to early bone loss, and loss of support for the teeth, they are often lost earlier.
- Jaw growth discrepancies may affect the jaw joint (TMJ) causing a chronic pain or Temporo-Mandibular-Disorder (TMD)
- Teeth alignment problems cause decay, bad breath and gum disease.
- So these malaligned – improperly arranged teeth can cause health problems therefore it is necessary to get them aligned and the sooner it is done the better
- Teeth alignment also affects the facial appearance.
You probably will experience some discomfort or difficulty speaking or eating at first. While wearing braces, keep your teeth and brackets clean. If you wear cemented, non-removable braces, food and plaque can get trapped between teeth and gums. To reduce your risk of cavities, follow a regimen of brushing, flossing and rinsing, and reduce your consumption of sweets and carbohydrates. Plaque and sugar combine to make acid, which can cause decalcification (white spots) on teeth and tooth decay if left behind.
It’s a good idea not to eat foods that can damage or dislodge braces. Hard foods such as candy, raw carrots, corn on the cob, pretzels, nuts, popcorn and crushed ice are off limits. Sticky foods to avoid include caramel, taffy and gum. These foods can get stuck between teeth and gums or bend wires and knock bands or brackets loose. If eating these foods results in damage to braces, treatment may be extended.
It is very important that you maintain very good oral hygiene while having orthodontic treatment; otherwise your teeth may stain or decay. Regular tooth-brushing, flossing and the use of an oral mouth-rinse are essential.
Yes. Remember that going to the orthodontist is not a substitute for regular dental checkups. If you’re going to invest time and financial resources in a healthy smile, be prepared to go the distance to achieve results. That means you should consult your dentist for a schedule that’s appropriate for you.
No matter your age, it is never too late to improve your dental health and beautify your smile because more adults are wearing braces.
- Reduce decay and gum disease due to crowding
- Relieve headaches and earaches
- Improve speaking, biting or chewing problems
- Prevent or improve TMD troubles
Metal braces: regular, imported and self ligating
Ceramic: Tooth colored, Transparent and ceramic with metal slot, self ligating
Invisible braces: Clear Aligners (Manual aligners) and Clearpath aligners (CAD CAM based aligners
- Highest number of Invisible braces done in Bangalore city!!
- Certified provider for Clearpath aligners.
- Homely atmosphere, ample parking spaces and friendly ambiance will welcome u whenever u comes in contrast to the corporate style treatments.
- Spacious clinic and WIFI facility available